Chronic joint disorder in which there is progressive softening and disintegration of the cartilage accompanied by new growth of cartilage and bone at the joint margins (osteophytes) and capsular fibrosis.

Commonly called also as degenerative arthritis caused with age. The cartilage decreases its elasticity and decrease in breaking strength.


Cause is not known
Genetic predisposition
Marked obesity         
Increased joint strain following – Squatting, sitting cross-legged, climbing staircases 
Occupation – Lower limb osteoarthritis in people having lot of knee bending and standing for long time (Using Indian toilets / sitting cross-legged)             
Upper limb osteroarthritis common with people working with vibrating tools.
Boxers more for hand osteoarthritis
Footballers / Baseball pitches – shoulder



Secondary to anatomical defects – Following fractures, loss of cartilage, dysplasia of the joint.

Secondary to Disease: Ankylosis spondylitis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Neuropathic – Syphyllis
Avascular Necrosis
Metabolic  - Gout.
Ochronic arthritis.
Commonly involved joint:

Weight bearing joints

  Non-weight bearing Fingers
Clinical features Clinical features are characterized by waxing and waning


Increases over years
Later stages night pain
Stiffness: Constant and Progressive
Swelling: Intermittent- suggestive of effusions
Continuous – thickened capsule and osteophytes
Deformities: Due to capsular contractures and joint instability
Loss of Function: Difficulty in climbing staircase, locking   
sensation in joint – due to loose bodies.

Narrowing of the joint space
Sclerosis of the subchondral bone under the cartilage loss.
Mechanical malaligament
Loss bodiesáááááááááááááááááá ááááááááááááááááááááá

Early stages

Maintaining movement and muscle strength
Weight Control
Modify daily activities
Pain Killers

Intermediate treatment

1) Arthroscopic joint debridement- removal of loose bodies, osteophytes.
2)  Realignment osteotomies around the joint.

Late treatment

Joint replacement
Joint fusion
Joint excision

Home  |  Profile  |  Contact
Copyright 2009-2010. All rights reserved. www.boneandjointcare.net
replica hermes handbags, cheap celine, replica louis vuitton handbags, canada goose outlet online, Cheap Canada Goose clothing Canada Goose mystique Canada Goose 2016 best louis vuitton black friday Moncler Outlet Store replica nancy gonzalez 2015 Canada Goose Moncler Doudoune Homme ĘC Moncler Pas Cher Soldes en ligne hermes women purse celine outlet prada handbags cheap canada goose Coats outlet celine mini luggage tote canada goose jacket sale prada handbags cheap hermes replica bag trong>Canada Goose Jackets